‘Africa’s mega projects surge by 46% to $326b in 2014’
INVESTMENT in Africa’s mega projects surged by 46 per cent to $326 billion last year, led by heavy investment in transport, energy and power, according to the third yearly Deloitte African Construction Trends report, which monitors progress on capital intensive infrastructure on the continent.
To qualify for inclusion in the Deloitte African Construction Trends report, projects must be valued at more than $50 million and had to have broken ground by at least June 1, 2014. While the number of projects that qualified for inclusion in the 2014 report fell to 257 from 322 in the preceeding year, the total value of projects under construction increased from $222.77 billion in 2013.
“Africa’s rapidly growing middle class continues to drive demand for sustainable social infrastructure,” said Andre Pottas, Regional Director at Deloitte. “Africa is en route to a brighter future and overall we see the opportunities surpassing the challenges facing our continent.”
Of the projects included in the 2014 Deloitte African Construction Trends report, no less than 143 were led by the public sector with a further 88 being private sector initiatives and 26 classified as public private partnerships (PPPs). Energy and power accounted for 37 per cent of the number of mega projects undertaken in Africa in 2014, followed by transport (34 per cent); mining (nine per cent); real estate (six per cent); water (five per cent); oil and gas (four per cent); mixed use facilities (two per cent); and health care (one per cent).
“More than 10 per cent of the projects included in this year’s survey were structured as PPPs, which is an increase from about four per cent the previous year,” said Pottas, saying it is “ very encouraging to see as we believe that significant private sector participation is required alongside government initiatives in order to enable Africa to close its infrastructure gap with the rest of the world.”
Southern Africa led construction activity on the continent, accounting for $144.89 billion in projects or 44.5 per cent of the total value of mega construction projects on the continent last year.
West Africa overtook East Africa with the region attracting US$74.84 billion in projects, or 23 per cent of the total projects on the continent by value, while Central Africa experienced a massive 117 per cent surge in the value of construction projects which reached $33.21 billion.
North Africa saw the value of construction projects jump by almost 36 per cent to $9.12 billion. East Africa experienced a moderate 10 per cent decline in the value of projects, which nevertheless totaled a respectable $60.67 billion in 2014.
“Africa continues to be a magnet for Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) and intra-African capital inflows. With a 76 per cent completion rate of projects collected from our previous report, expectations remain high for infrastructure to provide the developing continent with much needed market expansion,” Pottas said.
Africa’s infrastructural transformation is being driven by increased output in the natural resources sector, which in turn has underpinned rising fiscal expenditure on infrastructure projects to facilitate rising international trade with the continent. At the same time, rapidly growing urbanisation and rising domestic demand in Africa has ushered in an unprecedented wave of foreign direct investment in the continent’s biggest and most dynamic economies.
According to Pottas, “the African Construction Trends report confirms continued, intensive construction activity across the continent,” said Mr Pottas. “The journey may not be high speed just yet but it is unfolding at a steadily increasing pace.”