AU defers deployment of peacekeepers for Burundi
THE African Union (AU) has decided against sending peacekeepers to crisis-hit Burundi after the embattled government said that any such move would be considered an invasion.
AU Commissioner for Peace and Security, Smail Chergui, told a press conference in the Ethiopian capital, Addis Ababa, yesterday that a proposed deployment of 5,000 troops would be deferred until permission was granted by Bujumbura.
The decision came after a closed-door session at the AU where African leaders met for a two-day summit.
Al Jazeera said the decision was not a surprise considering Burundi’s opposition to the plan. “It is going to be interesting to see how this delegation will be able to convince them to accept the troops,” it said.
Chergui said an AU delegation would now fly to Burundi to hold talks aimed at ending the violence.
Speaking to Al Jazeera, Stephanie Wolters, from the Institute for Security Studies (ISS), said the decision could galvanise the armed opposition and lead to an escalation of violence in the country.
“It would appear that (Burundian) government’s propaganda about the situation in the country, had won over certain countries, and this may have led to this decision.
“Also I think there is no indication that the Burundian government will give its consent to the deployment of troops any time soon,” Wolters, who heads the conflict prevention and risk analysis programme at the South African based think-tank said.
The AU charter’s Article 4 (h) gives it the right to intervene in a fellow nation-state “in respect of grave circumstances, namely: war crimes, genocide and crimes against humanity.”
Analysts say other African nations are wary of setting a precedent of deploying troops against the government’s wishes.
Solomon Dersso, a political analyst, told Al Jazeera that while Burundi has demonstrated some flexibility on the issue of dialogue, there has been “complete disagreement between Bujumbura and the AU when it has come to the deployment of (AU) troops”.
On Saturday as the AU summit opened, United Nations (UN) Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, made clear troops were needed to stem the violence.
The UN has warned that Burundi risks a repeat of a 1993-2006 civil war, with hundreds killed since April 2015 when President Pierre Nkurunziza announced he would stand for a controversial third term in office.
At least 230,000 people have fled to neighbouring countries. Since Nkurunziza’s re-election in July, clashes between government loyalists and the opposition have turned increasingly violent.