Bread bakers embrace OFSP puree as farmers call for empowerment
• ‘Make sweet potato a priority crop like rice, maize’
Master bakers, again, have embraced adopting bio-fortified Orange-Fleshed Sweet Potato (OFSP) in bread and other confectioneries to keep prices affordable to Nigerians as major inputs become costlier.
Also, potato farmers have expressed readiness to scale up production if industrialisation of the root crop is embraced by puree processors and its demand is constant.
Factors such as low production of wheat in Nigeria, high naira-dollar exchange rate and heavy dependence on import of other inputs have made operations difficult for bakers and made prices high and unaffordable to the poor.
Apart from the nutritional benefits of OFSP puree, including beta-carotene and fibre, with high nutritional value in Vitamin-A for eye health, Vitamin B6 for healthy metabolism and nervous system, Vitamin-C for immune health and Vitamin-D, which plays an important role in carrying out vital functions in the body system, its inclusion would reduce the country’s yearly wheat importation and conserve foreign reserves, as stakeholders and researchers have demonstrated.
Based on production analysis and experiments at the Federal Institute of Industrial Research Oshodi (FIIRO) a few months ago, a kilogramme of wheat was N300 or more, depending on bulk or retail buying, but a kilogramme of OFSP puree was N200. Hence, bakers tended to reduce cost of production by N100 on every kilogramme of OFSP puree used with wheat flour. However, The Guardian investigation shows that the price of wheat flour per kilogramme is now over N400.
To every 40-kg bag of wheat flour, 10-kg OFSP puree could be added at 20 per cent and the cost reduction implication then was a minimum of N1000.
Again, because OFSP is sweet, sugar usage in the FIIRO bread experiment was reduced by five per cent. To a large-scale bakery, the percentage translated into a huge profit margin that might keep the business afloat.
MEANWHILE, the National Secretary, Association of Master Bakers and Caterers of Nigeria, Jude Okafor, affirmed, while speaking with The Guardian on latest developments and the decision to adopt OFSP puree, that at 20 per cent inclusion, the colour, texture and taste of bread are very good.
Apart from health benefits to consumers, he added, the substitution helps bakers to marginally reduce cost of production per loaf in a latest analysis based current prices of inputs and their substitutes.
‘‘Application of OFSP puree in wheat flour for bread reduces the usage of milk, sugar and wheat flour.
‘’On every 50kg bag of wheat flour, 1.5kgs of sugar is saved, 10kgs of wheat flour is substituted with the puree and N180 is saved on every kilogramme substituted. So, using 10kgs of OFSP puree with 40kgs of wheat flour reduces cost of production by N1800, apart from reduction in the quantity of sugar used,’’ Okafor explained.
He added that bread shelf life is elongated and 500grm of milk is saved per 50kg-bag of flour when 10kg puree is included. He expressed optimism that the potential demand from master bakers would deepen production, calling on the CBN to incorporate sweet potato into the ABP scheme to maximise production since there are processors and off-takers of the bye-products.
On production of sweet potato, Nigerian arable land is suitable for production and an average of 10 metric tonnes are produced per hectare.
It takes between three and four months for potato to mature. Hence, sweet potato can be planted three times in a year, especially if supported with irrigation facilities. Without irrigation, two crops of production are feasible in the North-Central, South-West, South-South and South-East ecological zones.
Experts have said sweet potato puree is more competitive than cassava flour inclusion or full wheat flour usage in confectionaries.
The President of the Potato Farmers Association of Nigeria (POFAN), Mr Daniel Okafor, disclosed to The Guardian that farmers were ready for a revolution of OFSP production if master bakers were ready to off-take its puree.
In the last 10 years, he said, the association had been advocating OFSP utilisation in bread baking based on various experiments ranging from 10 to 40 per cent puree trials.
He described the decision of bakers to explore local contents as a welcome development that would not only reduce their cost of production, but also bring health benefits to consumers, wealth to farmers/processors and forex conservation for the country.
Also, an agronomist and sweet potato production specialist, Dr Jude Njoku, explained that ‘‘if farmers can sell sweet potato easily to puree processors, poverty will be alleviated and standard of life will improve’’ as a result of multiplier effect on the value chain players.
The OFSP was approved and released in Nigeria in 2012 as a crop with potential to drastically reduce malnutrition based on its bio-fortification with Vitamins A and C, among others.
Njoku said: ‘‘There should be a synergy with potato farmers, bakers should empower farmers and off-take the produce because farmers have not been organised, as they were discouraged from producing it when there was low embrace.’’
He suggested that the government should make sweet potato a priority crop like rice and maize, mobilise and train farmers to get the products round the year, and incorporate them into the Anchor Borrower’s Programme of the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) for sustainability.
This, Njoku said, would reduce wheat importation by at least 20 per cent, and this would decelerate pressure on forex demand and boost local production and the gross domestic product (GDP).
He said a gap exists in production because of off-taking challenges facing farmers, and if assured market is available in bread baking, production would be stimulated.
‘‘The government should include sweet potato as a priority crop. The former Minister of Agriculture, Akinwumi Adesina, recognised sweet potato but others did not.
‘‘Orange-Fleshed Sweet Potato should be made a priority crop and incorporated into the small-scale farmers’ scheme of the government,’’ he emphasised.
Business Development Manager with Sano Foods Limited, a major producer of OFSP puree, Seun Bamigbade, emphasised the need for the government support to farmers through the ABP to enable constant supply of OFSP.
He said the firm had secured an off-take agreement with the Association of Master Bakers and Caterers of Nigeria (AMBCN).
‘‘To meet with the demand of the bread makers, we need more participation from the government, banks and development agencies to meet the required quantity of OFSP puree,’’ he said.