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EFCC lacks power to probe state finances, says court



The Federal High Court, Ado Ekiti Division, has ruled that the Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC) lacks power to investigate finances of a state as appropriated by the house of assembly without a report of indictment from the legislature.

Justice Taiwo Taiwo, in a judgment delivered yesterday, held that only the house of assembly and the auditor-general of a state were legally empowered to monitor and investigate the finances of a state.

In a suit between the attorney general of Ekiti State and EFCC, among 17 others, Justice Taiwo ruled that under a federation, the federal government cannot serve as an overseer or auditor-general regarding the finances of a state.


The state’s attorney general filed the suit after the EFCC sent letters of invitation to some government officials and banks seeking details of some financial transactions of the state.

Justice Taiwo said the financial institutions were not entitled to submit, release or disclose to any person, body or agency, including the EFCC and inspector general of police (IG), or any other investigating body, any document, financial records of the state.

The court held that the anti-graft agency lacked power to take over the oversight functions vested in state assembly under Sections 128 and 129 of the 1999 Constitution to initiate a probe or criminal proceedings against a state official.

According to the judge, only the state assembly is vested with oversight and investigative responsibilities over state finances, appropriation and implementation after receiving a formal report from the auditor general or the accountant general as the case may arise.

The judge said: “It is unassailable that there is separation of powers. Under a federal system, section 4, 5 and 6 of the constitution provides separation of powers which guarantees independence and forbids infringement of powers.

“The power for control of fund, financial outflow, appropriation is vested in the house of assembly. It is the auditor general of the state that has the power to conduct check on all government corporations and to submit his report to the assembly.

“Nobody including the court can read other meaning into the clear provision of the constitution.

“The assembly has the responsibilities on the management of funds by the executives. They have the responsibility to ensure fund management, cut wastages and reject corruption.

“The first defendant (EFCC) is bound to operate within the constitution and cannot operate like the lord of the manor. Its statutory duty is not a licence to contravene the constitution.

“I can’t by any stretch of imagination see how the statutory functions of the (EFCC) can extend to a state in a federation under any guise to the extent that the eight to 18 defendants (banks) will be directed to submit bank details.

“Yes, the first defendant can investigate any person or corporate organisation, what it can’t do is to usurp the powers of the assembly.

“The Federal Government cannot impose its statutory duties on a state in flagrant disobedient of the constitution. The prosecution should not ride roughshod of the constitution. It is the duty of judges to ensure they don’t listen to sentiment of the public. I resolve all issues in favour of the plaintiff. I grant all reliefs sought by the plaintiff in view of the fact they are live issues, “ he said.

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EFCCJustice Taiwo Taiwo
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