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Global leaders seek urgent action on climate adaptation


Patricia Espinosa, Executive Secretary of the UNFCCC

A new Global Commission on Adaptation report finds that investing $1.8 trillion globally from 2020 to 2030 in five areas could yield $7.1 trillion in net benefits.

Leaders from the Global Commission on Adaptation call on governments and businesses to take urgent action to innovate and advance climate adaptation solutions in light of new research findings.

The Commission is led by Ban Ki-moon, 8th Secretary-General of the United Nations, Bill Gates, Co-chair of the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, and Kristalina Georgieva, CEO of the World Bank.


The report is being released as climate impacts – such as super-charged hurricanes, floods, and wildfires – are becoming an increasingly urgent reality. As recent events have shown, climate change affects people everywhere. Furthermore, without action, millions of people will be pushed further into poverty, leading to increased conflict and instability.

The report puts forward a bold vision for how to transform key economics systems to be more resilient and productive. The Commission finds that adaptation can produce significant economic returns: the overall rate of return on investments in improved resilience is high, with benefit-cost ratios ranging from 2:1 to 10:1, and in some cases even higher.

Specifically, the analysis finds that investing $1.8 trillion globally in five areas from 2020 to 2030 could generate $7.1 trillion in total net benefits. The five areas the report considers are early warning systems, climate-resilient infrastructure, improved dryland agriculture, mangrove protection, and investments in making water resources more resilient. These areas represent only a portion of the total investments needed and total benefits available.

Climate adaptation can also deliver a “triple dividend”— it avoids future losses, generates positive economic gains through innovation, and delivers additional social and environmental benefits.

The report calls for adaptation that addresses underlying inequalities in society and brings more people, especially people most vulnerable to climate impacts, into decision making. The reality is that those most affected by climate change did the least to cause the problem – making adaptation a human imperative.


Commenting on the report’s findings, Ki-moon said: “Climate change doesn’t respect borders: it’s an international problem that can only be solved with co-operation and collaboration, across borders and worldwide. It is becoming increasingly clear that in many parts of the world, our climate has already changed and we need to adapt to it.

“Mitigation and adaptation go hand-in-hand as two equally important building blocks of the Paris Climate Change Agreement. Adaptation is not only the right thing to do, but it is also the smart thing to do to boost economic growth and create a climate-resilient world.”

Co-chair of the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation and Co-chair of the Global Commission on Adaptation, Bill Gates, said: “People everywhere are experiencing the devasting impacts of climate change. Those most impacted are the millions of smallholder farmers and their families in developing countries, who are struggling with poverty and hunger due to low crop yields caused by extreme changes in temperature and rainfall.

“With greater support for innovation, we can unlock new opportunities and spur change across the global ecosystem. Adaptation is an urgent issue that needs support from governments and businesses to ensure those most at risk have the opportunity to thrive.”

Speaking on the report, Acting CEO of the World Bank, Axel van Trotsenburg said: “Climate change threatens homes, lives, and livelihoods everywhere, but it is the poorest who are often hit hardest because they lack the resources to cope. Without urgent action to respond to the ravages of climate change, millions more people could be plunged into poverty. The World Bank is increasing investment in adaptation because the evidence shows that resilient buildings, infrastructure, and public services are good for communities, business and the sustained growth of the entire economy.”

For UN Climate Change Executive Secretary, Patricia Espinosa, “this report by the Global Commission on Adaptation comes at a crucial time. Governments are preparing the next round of climate action plans under the Paris Agreement, to be formally submitted to the UN in 2020. We need those plans to be more ambitious than they are right now. While it’s vital that nations must work to reduce their emissions, leading to a climate-neutral world by 2050, it’s equally important that they also build resilience to the inevitable impacts of climate change. Let’s get to work on creating a safer, more resilient future.”

The report calls for revolutions in three areas—understanding, planning and finance—in order to ensure that climate impacts, risks, and solutions are being factored into decision making at all levels. The report explores how these major system changes can be applied across seven interlocking systems: food, natural environment, water, cities, infrastructures, disaster risk management, and finance.

The Commission will also announce the start of the Year of Action, at an event hosted by the Dutch Government, at the UN Headquarters, on September 24. The Year of Action will build on the report’s recommendations to mobilize action on climate change, which will be featured at the Climate Adaptation Summit in October 2020 in The Netherlands.

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