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Understanding Premenstrual Syndrome(PMS)

Everyone has a certain connection to a woman either as a sister, co-workers, mother, wife or others. It is important for females and including males to understand the monthly cycle of a woman as it is a biological experience that will always happen until menopause.

The premenstrual syndrome(PMS) refers to the various symptoms that occur between the weeks of ovulation and the menstrual cycle.

These symptoms can range from abdominal cramping, tender breasts, bloating, mood swing, fatigue, crying spells, back pain, changes in sexual desire, social withdrawal, food cravings, irritation and physical changes before the period.

A lady experiencing cramps

Photo Readers Digest

It is still unknown why some women have PMS and other women don’t, however, PMS symptoms are linked to changing levels of serotonin, progesterone and estrogen.

PMS symptoms start five to eleven days before menstruation and go away once menstruation begins just as the name implies “premenstrual” syndrome.

However, it is normal for premenstrual symptoms to change over time as your own body matures. Although, if your symptoms affect the quality of your life, it is advisable to consult a gynaecologist or doctor for the best management plan.

PMS does not have a cure but you can take measures to ease your symptoms. Try the following steps to ease the symptoms:

  1. Consume more water to reduce the chances of bloating.
  2. Eat a balanced diet to improve your overall health.
  3. Work out to decrease bloating.
  4. Try various relaxation techniques to help improve your mood.
  5. You can take pain medication to ease muscle aches, backache, headaches, and abdominal cramping as directed by your doctor.
  6. Take supplements such as folic acid, magnesium and others to help reduce mood swings.
  7. Ensure you sleep at least eight hours every night to help restore your strength.
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