SMEs suffer $416B financial deficit annually in Nigeria, others, says U.N
Latest report by the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) has revealed that about 50 million Small and Medium scale Enterprises (SMEs) are suffering from about $416 billion unmet financing needs annually in Nigeria and other African nations.
UNCTAD in its report titled, “Economic Development in Africa Report 2022,” stated that Nigeria represents about 38 per cent of the financing needs of micro, small and medium-sized enterprises in Africa.
It called for de-risking financing for small and medium-sized enterprises, whereby the interest rates are reduced and access to loans are facilitated.
Noting that Nigeria and some other countries like Egypt, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda and South Africa are already leveraging this market, it stated that there is an untapped outsourcing market with increased potential for the engagement of productive SMEs in these and other countries in the region.
The report called for leveraging the market opportunity on a strong Information Communication Technology (ICT) skills base, adding that the availability of relevant ICT infrastructure and an effective regulatory environment would promote fair participation for both large firms and SMEs.
It stated: “There are about 50 million formal micro, small, and medium-sized enterprises in Africa with an unmet financing need of $416 billion every year. Nigeria represents about 38 per cent of the financing needs of micro, small and medium-sized enterprises in Africa.
“In Niger, formal micro, small and medium-sized enterprises, of which there are relatively few (about 8,000 firms), are highly credit constrained, with a financing gap equivalent to 44 per cent of the country’s GDP.
“The credit constraints faced by many micro, small and medium-sized enterprises can affect their sales, profit growth and exports,” it stated.
Depending on the costs involved, it said different models could be leveraged to raise the participation of SMEs in this potential new market (ICT). At the micro level, it noted that the SMEs could be engaged directly by foreign and domestic outsourcing firms or through networks that connect micro-SMEs and freelancers to potential clients.
UNCTAD identified the direct barriers to trade in services in Africa to include the high costs of trade in services, and protectionist policies and measures.
Indirect barriers, according to the report, include infrastructure and equipment issues, low levels of digitalization and technology, difficult access to financial services, fuel and mining-commodity dependence, a low level of regional integration and lack of a competitive environment.
It however noted that the major barrier to trade in services is cost. “While the cost of exports in services is expected to be lower than the cost of exports in goods because services do not need to be stored, in practice, the opposite is true. The cost of services in exports is higher than the cost of exports in goods, while access to low-cost, high-quality services remains a major challenge,” it stated.