Bribes funded campaign of Mexico’s Pena Nieto, ex-aide says
Multi-million-dollar bribes from a Brazilian construction giant financed the presidential campaign that brought Mexico’s Enrique Pena Nieto to power, a former top advisor revealed Tuesday according to prosecutors.
The explosive allegations from Emilio Lozoya, who was Pena Nieto’s chief international strategist prior to the 2012 election, are the latest twist in a scandal that has shaken Latin America.
It follows the former aide’s extradition from Spain last month to stand trial on corruption charges linked to Odebrecht, Latin America’s biggest construction company.
Lozoya has admitted that bribes of more than $4.4 million “were mainly used for the 2012 presidential campaign,” Attorney General Alejandro Gertz told reporters.
“That amount of money… came from Odebrecht,” Gertz added.
Lozoya, who went on to head state oil giant PEMEX from 2012 to 2016 during the Pena Nieto administration, has been given the status of cooperating witness.
The 45-year-old alleges that Pena Nieto and his campaign coordinator Luis Videgaray “were the ones who ordered that this money be delivered to various foreign electoral advisers,” Gertz said.
Lozoya says he has four witnesses and has “provided receipts and a video” to support his accusations, the attorney general added.
The Attorney General’s office has “opened an investigation file and we are going to start carrying out all the procedures,” Gertz said.
Lozoya also accused Pena Nieto and Videgaray, then finance minister, of buying votes for structural reforms in 2013 and 2014 including the opening up of the energy sector after 75 years of state monopoly.
Pena Nieto’s successor, President Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador, has said that Lozoya’s cooperation would enable him to reveal “as the main actor in all this robbery, how the cake was shared.”
“It matters a lot to us to recover everything that was stolen,” he added.
A lawyer and economist with a post-graduate degree from Harvard, Lozoya was put on trial soon after his extradition from Spain.
He pleaded not guilty and said he was “intimidated, pressured, influenced and instrumentalized,” adding that he was prepared to cooperate with authorities.
Odebrecht has admitted to paying hundreds of millions of dollars in bribes to win contracts in 12 countries, including Mexico.
The scandal has brought down ex-presidents and top officials in countries including Brazil, Peru and Colombia.
Lozoya is accused of accepting bribes worth more than $10 million from Odebrecht.
He was granted pre-trial release but was fitted with a tracking device and banned from leaving the country.
The allegations against him include that he authorized PEMEX’s acquisition of a rundown fertilizer factory for $485 million, a price prosecutors considered suspiciously high.
He is accused of receiving a $3 million payment that he used to buy a luxury home in the capital.
Pena Nieto’s 2012 election victory marked a comeback for the Institutional Revolutionary Party, long the dominant force in Mexican politics.
The PRI ruled the country as a one-party state for 71 years, before losing power at the ballot box in 2000.
With its charismatic candidate Pena Nieto promising a new PRI of transparency and reforms, it convinced voters to give it a second chance in 2012.
But after six years of corruption scandals, disappointing economic growth and brutal cartel-related violence, voters punished the party severely in the 2018 elections and leftist Lopez Obrador swept to power.
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