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Cerebrospinal Meningitis: 328 deaths in 16 states

By Nkechi Onyedika-Ugoeze (Abuja) and Auwal Ahmad (Gombe)    |   02 April 2017   |   4:35 am

More than 2,524 people have so far been affected by the Cerebrospinal meningitis (CSM) outbreak, with 328 deaths recorded in ninety Local Government Councils of 16 states of the federation.

• 2,524 Others Affected
• Poliovirus Detected In Gombe

More than 2,524 people have so far been affected by the Cerebrospinal meningitis (CSM) outbreak, with 328 deaths recorded in ninety Local Government Councils of 16 states of the federation.

The Federal Ministry of Health, which churned out these frightening statistics, also disclosed that so far, a total 131 samples have been confirmed in the Laboratory, out of which a majority is Neisseria Meningitides type C.

It added that states involved include, Zamfara, Katsina, Sokoto, Kebbi, Niger, Nassarawa, Jigawa, FCT, Gombe, Taraba, Yobe, Kano, Osun, Cross River, Lagos and Plateau.

In a statement yesterday in Abuja, the Director Media and Public Relations in Federal Ministry of Health, Mrs. Boade Akinola, said the current outbreak started in Zamfara State in November 2016.

Mrs. Akinola noted that although, “this is not the first time or the worst epidemic ever faced by Nigeria, this round of the epidemic has come with a difference, as all previous epidemics were caused by Neisseria Meningitides type ‘A’, but this year we are recording Neisseria Meningitides type C in epidemic proportion for the first time.”

Already, Minister of Health, Isaac Adewole, in a statement yesterday said government has secured 500,000 doses of the meningococcal vaccines from the World Health Organisation (WHO), which will be used in Zamfara and Katsina states, while additional 800,000 units are being expected from the British government.

He added that there will be a meeting with the International Review Group of the WHO on Tuesday, where request for additional vaccines shall be approved, as part of practical and medically certified efforts to stem this ugly incidence.

Mrs Akinola said the epidemic has spread across the country, affecting mostly states in the upper parts of the country, which fall within the African Meningitis Belt, adding that other countries, such as, Niger, Chad, Cameroun, Togo, and Burkina Faso, are facing similar outbreaks at the moment.

“The larger African Meningitis Belt consists of 26 Countries that stretch from Senegal, Gambia and Guinea Bissau in the West Coast to eastern countries of Eritrea and Ethiopia,” she remarked, pointing out that the worst CSM epidemics experienced in Nigeria occurred in 1996 when about 109,580 cases and 11,717 deaths were recorded.

“These historical background of the disease and past experiences,” she went on, “influenced health authorities in Africa (especially countries within the African Meningitis Belt), World health Organisation and many development partners to roll out a strategic intervention for the effective prevention of such epidemics.”

Akinola revealed that a CSM outbreak control team has been constituted to coordinate all responses aimed at controlling the outbreak, adding that the team’s membership include, FMOH, NCDC, NPHCDA, WHO and other partners (MSF, UNICEF, CDC and EHealth Africa)

She listed the challenges being faced to include low CSF collection rates (CSF sample versus reported cases), weak logistics for sample transportation for prompt laboratory diagnosis and a weak coordination between SMOH surveillance officers and treatment centres, delayed reporting of suspected cases to national level and low availability of supplies (Ceftriaxone, Lumber Puncture Kits, TI media etc.) at the national level, among others.

Meanwhile, wild poliovirus has been detected in Gombe State. The disease was detected at gully erosion sites in Gombe State.

State Commissioner for Health, Dr. Ishaya Kennedy, who disclosed this to journalists after the meeting of the State Emergency Response Committee, said although there was no reported case of the disease yet, the meeting looked into issues relating to four known epidemics namely; meningitis, measles, Lassa fever and polio, with a view to evolving a working plan to overcome the diseases in the state.




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