China central bank cuts interest rate by 25 basis points
The benchmark one-year lending rate would be reduced to 5.1 percent and the deposit rate to 2.25 percent from Monday, the People’s Bank of China (PBoC) said on its website.
The move was largely expected following subdued consumer inflation data and a fall in exports, according to analysts.
The PBoC had already cut interest rates twice since November and this year has twice reduced the amount of cash banks must keep in reserve, as well as using other measures to inject liquidity into the market.
The bank said the latest cut was to reduce the cost of borrowing “to continue to support the sustained and healthy development of the economy”.
China’s economy was facing “downward pressure” while domestic prices remained low, providing space for the bank to cut rates, it said.
The bank has ruled out quantitative easing for an economic boost, saying Friday it would use monetary policy to fine-tune the economy, the official Xinhua news agency reported.
China’s gross domestic product (GDP) expanded 7.4 percent in 2014, the lowest rate in 24 years.
Concerns about the risk of deflation have also resurfaced with the release of data Saturday showing consumer inflation rose to 1.5 percent in April,below market forecasts.
The figures come after January’s slump in consumer inflation to 0.8 percent, the lowest since November 2009.
Analysts had said they expected a 25 basis point cut in rates this quarter after the subdued inflation data which followed an unexpected fall in exports.
China’s exports dropped 6.4 percent year-on-year in April to $176.3 billion, the customs authority said Friday — well below the median forecast of a 0.9 percent rise in a Bloomberg News poll of economists.
The fall was accompanied by a 16.2 percent drop in imports to $142.2 billion, the sixth monthly decline in a row, suggesting sustained weakness in domestic demand.
The export and import figures for April showed a trade surplus of $34.1 billion, Customs said, compared with $18.5 billion a year ago.
Analysts said the disappointing figures reflected persistent frailty in the Chinese economy and provided more evidence that further policy loosening is needed.
China’s leaders are trying to pull off a managed slowdown of the Asian giant to make growth more sustainable and led by consumer spending as in other major economies.
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