The Guardian
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1.2m IDPs people northern, central Nigeria


THE International Office of Migration (IOM) has said over 1.2 million people have been displaced in northern and central Nigeria as the Boko Haram insurgency continues to fuel large scale population movement.

The report said between January 1 and February 23, 2015, IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) identified 1,188,018 internally displaced persons (IDPs) in the North East region of the country covering Adamawa, Bauchi, Borno, Gombe, Taraba and Yobe states.

 Also, the National Emergency Management Agency (NEMA) has registered 47,276 IDPs in the central parts of the country, which include Abuja, Kano, Kaduna, Nasarawa and Plateau.

 This brings the total number of displaced persons identified to 1,235,294 in northern and central Nigeria.

 While the growing violence perpetrated by Boko Haram remains the major factor of massive population movement, community clashes and natural disasters are also contributing to internal displacement in some states.

 According to IOM’s latest DTM report, 92 per cent of the IDPs identified in the region were displaced by the insurgency. The majority (79 per cent) were displaced in 2014, which corresponds to the escalation of violence, adding that these displacements continue to generate acute humanitarian needs for displaced households living in camps, camp-like settings, or with host families, further eroding the resilience of affected communities.

The report added that the vast majority of IDPs live with host families (87 per cent), while 13 per cent live in camps or camp-like settings situated in Adamawa, Borno and Taraba states.

 IOM Nigeria Chief of Mission, Enira Krdzalic, said, “following Boko Haram attacks, the majority of IDPs have left their homes without anything and most of them are in dire need of food, shelter, water and basic necessities.”

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