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World Population Day: Nigeria and the world

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Tick tock and we are 8 billion humans walking the earth with limited resources. Every year approximately 83 million people are being added to the world’s population. Though the global fertility rate has fallen from 3.2 births per woman in 1990 to 2.5 in 2019, it is projected that by 2030, the world population will hit 8.6 billion, and in 2050, 9.8 billion, according to the United Nations.

World Population Day is observed globally to draw the attention of the public towards the importance of population issues and need to curb overpopulation.

This year’s World Population Day calls for global attention to the unfinished business of the 1994 International Conference on Population and Development. “The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development is the world’s blueprint for a better future for all on a healthy planet,” said UN Secretary-General António Guterres.

“On World Population Day, we recognize that this mission is closely interrelated with demographic trends including population growth, ageing, migration and urbanization.”

Overpopulation remains a worry since it is linked with global warming, resource depletion, pollution, malnutrition and the possible spread of deadly disease.

Advocates from around the world called on leaders, policymakers and institutions to help make reproductive health and rights a reality for all through seminars, discussion, workshops, debates on media platforms.The United Nation Population Fund (UNFPA) in its 2019 State of the World Population report that Nigeria has a population of 201 million.

Nigeria has had an average population growth of 2.6% between 2010 and 2019. Africa’s most populous country grew by about 5 million people from 2018 when UNFPA gave the population as 195.9 million.

The country has witnessed a population growth from 54.7 million in 1969 to 105.4 million in 1994 and 201.0 million in 2019.
According to UNFPA, the age distribution of 15-64 years is the highest population composition in the country with 54% of Nigerians falling between the age range. 44% of Nigerians are within the age distribution 0-14 while 32% of the population is between 10 and 24 years and a paltry 3% are 65 and above.Currently, there are 7.4 billion people in the world and 30% of the world population is due to unwanted and accidental pregnancies.


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