New president sworn in to lead protest-hit Algeria
Former prime minister Abdelmadjid Tebboune was sworn in as the new president of protest-hit Algeria on Thursday, a week after winning a widely boycotted election.
He succeeds veteran president Abdelaziz Bouteflika, who was forced from office in April in the face of mass demonstrations.
Tebboune must now address the grievances of the protesters, who have remained on the streets to prevent what they see as a ploy by the political elite to retain its hold on power.
The 74-year-old is seen as the closest to the armed forces’ chief, Lieutenant General Ahmed Gaid Salah, who has been the North African country’s de facto strongman since Bouteflika quit.
He and other top brass attended the swearing-in ceremony alongside Tebboune’s defeated rivals for the presidency.
All five candidates in the election had links to Bouteflika, who ruled for two decades despite suffering a debilitating stroke in 2013.
While Tebboune’s period as prime minister ended with his sacking by Bouteflika, protesters see the longtime regime insider as part of the same corrupt system that has ruled Algeria since independence in 1962 — a system they want to be dismantled.
Following his election, Tebboune vowed to “extend my hand to the Hirak (protest movement) for a dialogue”, appoint young ministers and push for a new constitution.
Demonstrators responded by hitting the streets once again, calling Tebboune “illegitimate”.
Although he took 58 percent of the vote in last week’s election, avoiding the need for a second-round run-off, the widespread boycott meant he won the support of barely 20 percent of registered voters.
PM pick next
By convention, the new president would normally be expected to announce his first major decision, his choice of the prime minister, later on, Thursday.
Whoever Tebboune picks will be carefully scrutinised by the protest movement to assess how serious he is about addressing its grievances.
The president has already said the new government will include some ministers in their 20s, a major change for a country where most are in their 60s or older.
More than 53 percent of Algerians are under the age of 30 and unemployed graduates and school-leavers have been a mainstay of the protest movement.
The young demonstrators accuse the political elite of economic incompetence and of handing out public sector jobs to their cronies not those best qualified.
After nearly a year of political turmoil, there are some Algerians, particularly small businessmen, who yearn for a return to stability and whose support for the protest movement has waned.
But the country’s grinding political crisis may be exacerbated by its economic situation.
Algeria is heavily dependent on oil exports and its budget has been hard hit by low crude prices, which could force Tebboune to take unpopular decisions.