Friday, 8th December 2023

ARCON canvasses compliance with designs, building code

By Precious Akpos
21 February 2022   |   4:05 am
Good architectural design has been said to be the panacea for fire incidences in public spaces, especially in markets.


Good architectural design has been said to be the panacea for fire incidences in public spaces, especially in markets.

The Registrar, Architects Registration Council of Nigeria (ARCON), Umar Murnai, made the submission at the conference organised by the Nigerian Building and Road Research Institute (NBRRI) recently.

In his paper, ‘Fire Safety Design Considerations: A Panacea For Fire Severity Reduction In Markets’, Murnai lamented colossal loss of lives and property to fire incidences, adding that such occurrences could be prevented through the deployment of passive and active measures.

According to him, lack of architecturally designed spaces using the safety factors in the building and fire code creates environments with no restrictions to spontaneous and massive conflagrations.

“Most conflagrations starts with a source of heat, whilst the fuel is often the combustible goods and structures that makeup majority of the occupancy of the market; the open air in these spaces provides the oxygen, often exacerbated by winds and movement of hot air during the fires,” he said.

The passive measures, according to him take the process of utilising on fixed, passive and immobile structures and design parameters in the prevention and containment of fires.

“These measures are principal component of architectural design processes governed and dictated by the building and fire codes. This is the process of utilising architectural design in developing buildings to ensure fire safety.”

Murnai stressed that strict compliance to the nation’s building code should be enforced because the code delineates the process of creating an architectural drawing for a building with the necessary design measures for passive and active methods of fire safety by establishing steps and processes.

To him, these steps in design, ensure fire safety in the building process by determining structural and design parameters that affect containment of smoke, fire containment, separation of stored combustible materials, speedy and safe evacuation of occupants and fighting of the fire.

His words: “The step-by-step process provides the architect with a logical sequence and methodology for implementing code compliance during the design of the project to ensure fire safety, using international best practices.

The ARCON registrar said that, the effective design of fire safety components requires the effective use and maintenance of these components, hence, the operators of markets should be required to maintain constant code compliance requirements and standards, which the markets were designed for.

He said: “Major components of factors that initiate conflagrations are code violations during the use of the building, by overcrowding with people and storage of goods in quantities and spaces beyond their occupancy requirements, thus creating the perfect triangle for fire outbreaks.

“The installed structures and equipment also require maintenance; the disposal of flammable materials in form of waste must also be adequately stored and disposed-off before they become fire risk. The certification of buildings for code compliance should be a constant check throughout the lifetime of the building.”

To achieve quality building projects, he said, a deliberate process must be implemented by the professionals in the design team from the outset of the project.

“The multi-disciplinary role of the professionals involved is a prerequisite for achieving fire safety. Fire safety and quality in building design is far more than just complying with building code requirements, it is the overall safeguard of “public health, safety and general welfare”—the intent of building codes and this is directly tied to the design professional’s license to practice.

“Therefore, design professionals should incorporate into office practice a quality assurance process that covers building.”