Google’s new hqs: An upgradable, futuristic greenhouse
THE future of work, according to Google, will take place in woodland glades and wildflower meadows, next to trickling streams and verdant allotments, among bike paths and yoga classes and gushing fountains, with fresh produce on tap. It will be a pastoral utopia-with-WiFi, all safely swept beneath a series of gigantic glass tents.
Silicon Valley’s mother of all tech companies has today unveiled plans for its gargantuan new headquarters in Mountain View, California, designed by global star architects Bjarke Ingels and Thomas Heatherwick. And it looks like a futuristic Center Parcs.
“What is the best possible environment we can make to invent, engineer and make ideas happen and go out into the world?” asks Thomas Heatherwick in the promotional video, which was launched on Friday without fanfare on Google’s own blog. “When you visit the Google campus, there’s lots of trees,” he adds, “but there’s this constant undermining by the road system and the infrastructure required for all those cars.” Their strategy, says Ingels, is to “transform the sea of parking into a natural landscape, where you’ll find an abundance of green both outside and inside.”
The proposal takes the form of a series of vast greenhouses, nestling like misshapen dew drops in the suburban landscape of Mountain View, beneath which a flexible series of structures can accommodate all manner of interdisciplinary, cross-pollinating, hot-desking tasks. And lots of swoopy bike paths.
“The idea here is simple,” says David Radcliffe, Google’s vice-president of real estate. “Instead of constructing immoveable concrete buildings, we’ll create lightweight block-like structures which can be moved around easily as we invest in new product areas.”
It’s a kind of plug-and-play, click-together city, highly reminiscent of the dreamy projects of experimental 1960s group Archigram, whose Plug-in City envisaged a world of modular pods stacked up in a flexible framework. The architects’ images show a similar vision, of boxy blocks piled up in a frame, with cascading terraces and room to expand, looking like it will have the capacity to add rooms here and there, like stack of construction site Portakabins. Or Lincoln Logs, as Radcliffe likes to put it. In Ingels’ words, the architecture will be “giant pieces of furniture that can be connected in different ways”.
At the core of the plan is the dream of ultimate flexibility, a future-proofing strategy based on the idea that we don’t know what work will be like in 10 or 20 years’ time. It’s treating architecture as software, imagining a building that can be continually updated just like the latest apps. And if the whole place is run by the devices of Google’s “smart home” arm, Nest, then that may literally be the case. Although my guess is that work will still involve sitting at a desk locked to a computer for most of the day. In fact the video shows tiny orange model-people sitting on precipitous white ledges, as if driven to distraction by their flexible workspace and contemplating jumping off.
Then, thankfully, the nature metaphor returns to reassure us. “In nature, things aren’t over-prescribed,” says Ingels, as the camera pans across a rolling meadow. “If our work environments could have more of this flexibility and openness for interpretation, they would become more stimulating environments to work in.”
Working among nature is at the core of the design, with images showing the office modules draped with vines and climbing plants, and Googlers working outside on laptops beneath trees. But it’s not going to be any old nature. Not like the trees in pots that have been so underwhelming in the promised “sky garden” of London’s Walkie Talkie. As Heatherwick puts it, sounding like some botanical alchemist, it’s about “how you can augment, or turn the dial up more on that nature.” And it’s a super-charged pastoral dream made possible year-round by the great glass tents.
The big roof ambition recalls Buckminster Fuller’s 1960 scheme to cover Manhattan with a geodesic dome, or Richard Rogers’ 1994 plan to swamp London’s Southbank Centre with an enormous undulating tent, and the whole sweep-it-under-one-big-roof idea has a decidedly retro air. More recently it has become the go-to choice of dictators, with such projects as Norman Foster’s big-top funhouse in Kazakhstan, the mother of all autocrats’ marquees.
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