New report urges greater use of decentralized renewable energy
Reveals evidence of significant black carbon emission reductions
Rural and vulnerable populations in developing countries such as Nigeria could miss out on multiple wide-ranging benefits of renewable energy, if they are forced to wait for years, or even decades, to get access to electricity.
This was contained in a report by Sustainable Energy for All (SEEforAll) and Power for All at the COP 23.
Produced in partnership with the Overseas Development Institute, the report comes just 12 years ahead of global energy goal deadlines, as many countries still lagged behind.
The report, Why Wait?, presents a first-of-its-kind approach to developing a framework for understanding and quantifying the financial, educational and environmental dividends for households through accelerated access to decentralized electricity, such as solar home systems and clean energy mini-grids.
It indicates that households in Bangladesh, Ethiopia and Kenya – which were used as report case studies – can save hundreds of dollars, equivalent to the average annual income of between 61,800 and 406,000 people depending on the country and timeframe to deliver universal access, by bringing electricity access forward through use of solar to power household services like lighting and mobile-phone charging instead of kerosene or costly external phone-charging services.
Another benefit from decentralized services is more time for studying equivalent to the time spent in school each year of between 142,000 and two million students depending on the country and timeframe to deliver universal access.
Released at the UN Climate Change Conference in Bonn, the data also shows significant black carbon emission reductions across the three countries as much as 330 million metric tons of CO2 equivalent emissions, or roughly the emissions from 60 million passenger vehicles driven for one year– due to reduced kerosene use.
Why Wait? uses a framework for estimating the dividends of electricity access that is designed to help government leaders and other decision-makers assess the comparative advantages of different electrification options and services – ranging from more limited Tier 1 electricity service (a few hours of power a day) to more robust and costly Tiers 4 and 5 – to achieve Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 7 of universal access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all by 2030.
Speaking on the report, Special Representative to the UN Secretary-General and CEO, Sustainable Energy for All, Rachel Kyte said: “Decision makers are faced with competing priorities against finite resources. “Why Wait” provides powerful evidence on the development gains that can be achieved by focusing on integrated energy strategies that advance energy access. Household savings and hours of study time that are won because of access to energy.
“ Denying those gains by not prioritizing solutions to energy access risks holding back whole generation decentralized renewable energy as an attractive option for closing the energy access gap quickly, especially for remote rural areas. This work shows it can bring prosperity and education outcomes as well as other services energy provides.”
For the chief Executive Officer of Power for All, Kristina Skierka, “Default approaches to electrification that rely on slow, expensive, fossil-fuel-powered centralized generation are out of date and out of time.
“The Energy Access Dividend challenges business-as-usual by valuing ‘time to access’—for the first time specifying the opportunity cost of large-scale projects that may never reach the one billion people around the world who still have to live without the benefits of electricity. Properly supported, decentralized renewable energy can deliver socio-economic dividends faster and at a lower cost.”
The three pilot countries were chosen as case studies in the report due to their wide-ranging differences in terms of income levels, demographics and electrification rates. The countries also have significant energy access gaps, accounting for more than 180 million of the one billion people still living without power.
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