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Description of the Holy Bible – Part 25


Emeritus Prof. Mercy Olumide

The Bible a Revelation cont’

What Peter affirms in 2 Pet 1:20, 21 about prophecy is also true about all Scripture: “men of God spoke (and wrote) as they were moved by the Holy Spirit”.

How the inspiration occurs
Read 1 Cor 2:6-8

“The things we also speak, not in words which man’s wisdom teaches but which the Holy Spirit teaches, comparing spiritual things with spiritual.” (1 Cor 2:13)


“… words … which the Holy Spirit teaches. Though Paul is writing about the divine origin of his preaching, vv. 9-13 suggests the steps by which the Holy Spirit also inspired the writing of Scripture.

Step 1: God desired to communicate His wisdom to humanity (vv. 7-9). This wisdom concerned our salvation, centering on Christ as the wisdom of God (cf. 1:30; 2:2, 5).

Step 2: It is only through the Holy Spirit that God’s truth and wisdom were revealed to humanity (v. 10). The Spirit knows fully God’s thoughts (v. 11).

Step 3: God’s revelation was given to chosen believers through the indwelling presence of the Spirit (v. 12; cf. Rom 8:11, 15)

Step 4: The writers of Scripture wrote with words taught by the Holy Spirit (v. 13); the Spirit directed the writers in the choice of the words they used (cf. Ex 24:4; Is 51:16, Jer 1:9; 36:28, 32; Ezek 2:7; Mat 4:4).

At the same time, the Spirit’s guidance in the expression of divine truth was not mechanical; rather, the Spirit used each writer’s vocabulary and personal style.

Step 5: Believers understand divinely inspired Scripture as they examine its content through the illumination of the Holy Spirit (vv. 14-16)
Thus, the Spirit of God inspired both the thoughts and language of Scripture. Not a single writer uttered a false word or phrase. God’s Word was protected from error and falsehood by the Holy Spirit.


The Inspiration and Authority of Scripture: An overview
“All Scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness, 17that the man of God may be complete, thoroughly equipped for every good work.” (2 Tim 3:16-17)

“Scripture” as used in 2 Tim 3:16 refers primarily to the OT writings (3:15). There is indication, however, that at about the time Paul wrote 2 Timothy, some NT writings were already viewed as inspired and authoritative Scripture (1 Tim 5:18, which quotes Luke 10:7; 2 Pet 3:15-16).

For us today, Scripture refers to the authoritative revelation of both the OT and NT, i.e., “the Bible.” They are God’s original and only infallible revelation of Himself and His saving activity for all people.

Paul affirms that all scripture is “given by inspiration of God” (Gktheopneustos, from two Greek words: theos, meaning “God,” and pne, meaning “to breathe”). Scriptures is the very life and Word of God. Down to the very words of the original manuscripts, the Bible is without error, absolutely true, trustworthy and infallible.

This is true not only when it speaks of salvation, ethical values and morality, but it is also without error on all subjects about which it speaks, including history and the cosmos (cf. 2 Pet 1:20-21; note also the attitude of the psalmist toward Scripture in Ps 119).

(2) The OT writers were conscious of the fact that what they said to the people and what they wrote down was God’s Word to them (see Deut 18:18; 2 Sam 23:2; see articles on The Prophet in the Old Testament and The Word of God). Over and over, the prophets prefaced their comments with,
“Thus saith the LORD.” Mobile: +234 803 344 6614; +234 808 123 7987

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