Jesus came to redeem us from the consequences of the fall – Part 19
What has Christ done for sin? Contd.
• In the NT, sanctification is not pictured as a slow process of forsaking sin little by little. Rather, it is presented as a definitive act by which the believer by grace is set free from Satan’s bondage and makes a clear break with sin in order to live for God (Rom 6:18; 2 Cor 5:17; Eph 2:4-6; Col 3:1-3). At the same time, however, sanctification is described as a lifelong process by which we continue to put to death the misdeeds of the body (Rom 8:1-17), are progressively transformed into Christ’s likeness (2 Cor 3:18), grow in grace (2 Pet 3:18), and exercise a greater love for God and others (Mat 22:37-39; 1 John 4:7-8,11,20-21).
• Sanctification may involve a holy encounter with God after initial salvation (cf. Is 6:1-8). Believers may receive a clear revelation of God’s holiness, as well as a consciousness that God is calling them to separate themselves in a greater way from sin and the world and for a holy, intimate relationship with God (2 Cor 6:16-18). Through this awareness, believers present themselves to God as living sacrifices and receive from the Holy Spirit grace, purity and enabling power to live holy lives pleasing to God (Rom 6:19-22; 12:1-2). God the Father delights in transforming sinners into saints (i.e. holy ones) so as to have a holy bride for His Son (Eph 5:25-27).
What has Christ done for Death?
God has provided (i) Resurrection life (ii) Eternal life
What is death?
DEATH: An overview
“For I know that my Redeemer lives, and He shall stand at last on the earth; 26and after my skin is destroyed, this I know, that in my flesh I shall see God.”(Job 19:25-26)
All humans, believers and unbelievers, are subject to death in this world. The word “death” in the Bible, however, has more than one meaning. It is important to understand the believer’s relationship to the various meanings of death.
Death as a Result of sin. Our first parents were created with the potential to live forever. But when they disobeyed God’s command, they came under the penalty of sin, which is death. (1)
• Adam and Eve at this point became subject to physical death. God had set the tree of life in the Garden of Eden in order that by continually eating from it, humans would never die (see Gen 2:9). But after Adam and Eve ate fruit from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, God pronounced these words: “for dust thou art, and unto dust shalt thou return” (Gen 3:19). Though they did not physically die on the day they ate, they did become subject to the law of death as a result of God’s judgment. Biblically defined, physical death is the separation of the material part of humanity (the body) from the immaterial (the soul and spirit).
• Adam and Eve also died a moral death. God warned Adam that when he ate of the forbidden fruit, he would surely die (Gen 2:17). This was a serious warning. Even though Adam and his wife did not die physically on that day, they did die morally, i.e., their nature became sinful. Ever since Adam and Eve, every person has been born with a sinful nature (Rom 8:5-8), i.e., an innate propensity to go his or her own selfish way without concern for God or others (see Gen 3:6; Rom 3:10-18; Eph 2:3; Col 2:13).
• Adam and Eve also died a spiritual death, when they disobeyed God, i.e., their former intimate relationship to God was lost (see Gen 3:6).
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