‘17% of adult Nigerians don’t have smartphones’
About 17 per cent of Nigerian adults are without smartphones. A study conducted by Pew Research Centre, based in Washington D.C., USA, which disclosed this, however said 39 per cent owned a smartphone, while 44 per cent use ordinary mobile phone.
Nigeria, according to Woldometer is a country with 200 million populations.
Pew Research Centre noted that smartphone ownership can vary widely by country, even across advanced economies.
While around nine-in-ten or more South Koreans, Israelis, and Dutch people own smartphones, ownership rates are closer to six-in-ten in other developed nations like Poland, Russia, and Greece.
According to the study, in emerging economies, too, smartphone ownership rates vary substantially, from highs of 60 per cent in South Africa and Brazil to just around four-in-ten in Indonesia, Kenya and Nigeria.
Among the countries surveyed, ownership is lowest in India, where only 24 per cent report having a smartphone.
The Pew study observed that in South Africa, which has a population of 58 million; only six per cent of the adults are without smartphones, while 60 per cent use at least one, 33 per cent use a mobile device that are not smart.
Further analysis of the study showed that Kenya with a population of 52.2 million, the adults without smartphone is 14 per cent; penetration of those with it is 41 per cent, while 45 per cent use mobile devices that are not smart.
Tunisia, another country surveyed, with a population of 11.8 million, 10 per cent of the adult population are without smartphones, 45 per cent has one each, while 45 per cent also use a mobile that is smart.
The Centre estimated that more than five billion people have mobile devices, and over half of these connections are smartphones. But the growth in mobile technology to date has not been equal, either across nations or within them.
It noted that people in advanced economies are more likely to have mobile phones – smartphones in particular – and are more likely to use the Internet and social media than people in emerging economies.
The U.S. firm said in most emerging economies, patterns of smartphone ownership look quite different, “in these countries, ownership rates across all age groups tend to be lower than those seen in advanced economies.
According to Pew, whether in advanced or emerging economies, younger people, those with higher levels of education and those with higher incomes are more likely to be digitally connected.
Younger people in every country surveyed are much more likely to have smartphones, access the Internet and use social media. In all of the advanced economies surveyed, large majorities under the age of 35 own a smartphone.
In contrast, smartphone ownership among advanced economies’ older populations varies widely, ranging from just about a quarter of Russians 50 and older to about nine-in-ten older South Koreans.
“In most emerging economies, however, patterns of smartphone ownership look quite different. In these countries, ownership rates across all age groups tend to be lower than those seen in advanced economies.
For example, while majorities of adults ages 50 and older own smartphones in many advanced economies, in no emerging economy surveyed do smartphone ownership rates among this older group rise above 35 per cent,” it noted.
Furthermore, the Centre said education and income level also play sizable roles when it comes to explaining differences in technological use in most countries.
The research firm said in every country surveyed, better-educated and higher-income people are more likely to use the Internet than people with lower levels of education or income, and in nearly every country, the same is true of social media use.
“The education gaps in emerging economies are especially wide. For example, a majority of Nigerians with a secondary education or more use social media (58 per cent) compared with just 10 per cent of Nigerians with less education, for a gap of 48 percentage points.
The education gap in internet use is an even wider 53 points: 65 per cent of more-educated Nigerians use the internet compared with just 12 per cent of those with lower levels of education,” it stated.