‘Digital economy data gap risks widening inequalities’
The United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) has disclosed that those least prepared for the digital economy have less data on which to base policy decisions, threatening to widen the gap between the “haves” and the “have nots”.UNCTAD said a lack of data on how companies operate in the digital economy prevents many developing countries from preparing for the new economic era.
Sound policy can’t be made without relevant information, and according to UNCTAD statistics, only four per cent of the world’s least developed countries have provided suitable data on how businesses use information communications technologies (ICTs), compared to around 85 per cent of developed countries.
Director of UNCTAD’s division on technology and logistics, Shamika N. Sirimanne, said such data inform governments about the extent to which businesses of different sizes and in different industries are using various technologies to boost productivity, for example, by engaging in e-commerce, interacting with governments and banking online.
UNCTAD, which noted that electronic commerce is growing in all parts of the world, said many developing countries remain relatively unprepared for the shift from offline to online trade. Indeed, less than five per cent of the populations in most of these economies buy goods and services online.
The digital economy is bringing new risks along with opportunities, and emerging technologies such as advanced robotics, artificial intelligence, the Internet of Things; cloud computing and 3D printings are disrupting economies and societies.
The UN body said governments must therefore move quickly to address the internet economy’s effects on the labour market, trade rules, data privacy, and consumer protection, to name but a few.
“To design and implement evidence-based policies, governments need to know the facts and have access to relevant statistics,” said Sirimanne, adding: “and the more frequently governments collect this data, the better they can identify trends and adjust policies accordingly.”
Unfortunately, according to UNCTAD statistics, the availability of data drops with the country’s level of development, meaning those least prepared for the digital economy have the least amount of information on which to base their policy decisions.“The risk is a further widening of inequalities across countries,” said Sirimanne.
According to UNCTAD, several actions are urgently needed to ensure that governments have access to the relevant statistics they need to take sound decisions related to the digital economy.
The UN body said governments need to include enterprise surveys on ICT use in their national statistical plans. In addition, the international community should offer more assistance to help countries make progress on data collection. And opportunities need to be created for developing countries to engage in an international dialogue related to data collection and analysis, to support policy making related to this topic.
At the UNCTAD’s Intergovernmental Group of Experts on E-commerce and the Digital Economy first meeting, in October 2017, experts proposed to establish a new working group dedicated to measuring e-commerce and the digital economy, in order to help address the emerging data requirements of policy-makers in this area, and to ensure that international statistical work on the digital economy is directly linked to their policy needs.