Seplat, ExxonMobil deal to aid diversification to shallow waters, curb theft
Given the current energy transition and need to plug oil theft, business intelligence provider, Wood Mackenzie (WoodMac), has said the deal between ExxonMobil and Seplat Energy Plc will aid the latter’s diversification into shallow water, which is largely devoid of the thefts afflicting its onshore operations, therefore, offering huge upside Nigeria’s for oil and gas production.
Seplat, on February 25, announced an agreement to acquire the entire share capital of Mobil Producing Nigeria Unlimited (MPNU), a subsidiary of ExxonMobil.
WoodMac noted that since this transaction is a corporate acquisition, the Nigerian National Petroleum Company (NNPC) has no right to pre-empt a deal under the Joint Operating Agreement (JOA), which governs the joint venture (JV).
This leaves the ministerial consent as the only hurdle left, “although nothing can be taken for granted.” MPNU has a 40 per cent operating interest in a Joint Venture with NNPC (60 per cent). The JV includes oil mining leases OMLs 67, 68, 70, 104, and the Qua Iboe oil export terminal. MPNU also has a 51 per cent stake in the Bonny River natural gas liquids (NGL) Recovery project.
Seplat agreed to pay $1,283 million plus a contingent consideration of up to $300 million. The effective date is January 1, 2021, and completion expected in half year of 2022, pending ministerial approval.
Seplat’s debt financing of $825 million is fully committed by a syndicate of Nigerian and African banks, and energy and commodity traders.
If completed, the deal will be transformational for Seplat Energy, which is already the leading indigenous company in Nigeria, and will triple its working interest production to over 140,000 barrels of oil equivalent daily (boe/d), to account for 15% of Nigeria’s oil production.
Although this is Seplat’s first offshore purchase, it will acquire all of MPNU’s Nigerian staff, thus, allaying any concerns about its operational capabilities.
MacWood said: “Our equity-based valuation of MPNU – excluding the Qua Iboe terminal – is $870 million (discounted 10 per cent, January 2021, $50/bbl long-term). However, at $70/bbl, we value the company at $1.678billion.
“The portfolio includes a massive 1.3 billion boe of contingent resources, 75 per cent of which is gas. Less than half of its 70 fields have been developed.
“Although the JV has been in production since the early 1970s, its maturity relates more to the extensive infrastructure than the reservoirs themselves. Yes, many fields are in decline, but they have also been under-invested for over 20 years.
“Seplat has built a business turning around the Majors’ unwanted assets, a process it started in 2010. With the acquisition, its portfolio becomes very oil dominated. ExxonMobil refused to be drawn into the high risk domestic gas market, and had no exposure to NLNG.
“As a result the acreage has the highest concentration of gas flaring in the country. Seplat, a listed company, will need to tackle this immediately.
“Longer-term, it will look to develop access into the domestic market in line with government policy, while there is also scope for LNG too. An FLNG project at Yoho on OML 104 was already under discussion before the deal. That could now accelerate, while long-term supply to NLNG is another option.
“There is also a possible upside from the Petroleum Industry Act (PIA) fiscal terms. Our analysis shows the JV portfolio would more than double in value if Seplat converts. However, this is far from certain, since it would have to relinquish up to 60% of its acreage and much of the resource it has just acquired.
“A thorough review of its now extensive portfolio to identify the most advantaged barrels will be an urgent priority. The deadline for converting to the new fiscal terms is February 2023.
“The deal is not without risks either. Seplat will have to find billions of dollars in the longer term to transform its portfolio and some rationalisation could follow.
“NNPC will of course be Seplat’s JV partner, and its ability to fund its 60% equity longer term, as it transitions to a limited liability company will be just as critical to the success of the deal.”
Our analysis shows the JV portfolio would more than double in value if Seplat converts. However, this is far from certain, since it would have to relinquish up to 60% of its acreage and much of the resource it has just acquired.
ExxonMobil had planned to sell off its JV business for years. Also, the shallow water JV assets have long been non-core and are some of the highest-cost barrels in its global portfolio.
Although emissions were not a key driver for selling, the deal will help with its recently announced net-zero targets for scope 1 and 2 emissions. The portfolio has an intensity of 48kg CO2e/boe, more than double its global average.
It can now focus on renegotiating workable fiscal terms for its Nigerian deepwater assets like Erha and Usan. However, if that does not end successfully, a country exit could be on the cards, given its deepwater options in Guyana and Brazil.
Just like with the MPNU, Shell’s ongoing divestment of its subsidiary SPDC, similarly rules out pre-emption. If NNPC wants to acquire that portfolio, then it will have to out-bid the competition.
If successful in raising up to $5 billion with Afrexim Bank, NNPC would have the firepower to do just that, and massively strengthen its position in the onshore delta.