IYL- Elucidating light (1)
We are now well into month-four of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization’s “International Year of Light” (IYL, 2015)—declared, to enhance our appreciation of light and light-based technologies.
Scientists employ algae as biofuel, to mop up pollutants
Scientists, in one of the first studies to examine the potential for using municipal wastewater as a feedstock for algae-based biofuels, found they could grow high-value strains of oil-rich algae while simultaneously removing more than 90 percent of nitrates and more than 50 percent of phosphorous from wastewater.
Govt expresses concern over use of insecticide treated nets
Concerns are being expressed by Federal Ministry of Health over the lack of efforts by Nigerians in combating the scourge of malaria in the country, insisting that it still poses a threat to the health and well being of the populace.
Nigeria to receive WHO drugs for extensively resistant TB
Nigerian Institute of Medical Research (NIMR) has said that the first batch of drugs to treat cases of Extensively Drug-Resistant Tuberculosis (XDR-TB) is due to arrive in the country next week. The drugs, courtesy of the World Health Organisation (WHO), are expected to treat some TB patients that are already resistant to first and second-line drugs.
Herbal combo may provide novel ‘cure’ for breast cancer
Bioactive flavonoids isolated successfully from Touch Me Not (Mimosa pudica), Aloe vera and stonebreaker (Phyllanthus niruri) may provide the much sought after cure for breast cancer. India researchers from Kannur University, Kerala, India, in a study published in the International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences found that flavonoids isolated from Aloe vera, Mimosa pudica and Phyllanthus niruri showed cytotoxicity activity against human breast carcinoma cell line (MCF-7) and the inhibitory concentration at 50 per cent growth (IC50) was found to be, Mimosa pudica, Aloe vera and Phyllanthus niruri.
Chemical exposure raises risk of chronic diseases
Researchers conclude they are 99 percent certain that hormone-altering chemicals are linked to attention problems, diabetes, other health problems even as they say that people living in areas with more air pollution face a greater risk of carotid artery stenosis, a narrowing of the arteries that supply blood to the brain.
A man’s incomplete brain reveals cerebellum’s role in thought and emotion
Since his birth 33 years ago, Jonathan Keleher has been living without a cerebellum, a structure that usually contains about half the brain’s neurons. This exceedingly rare condition has left Jonathan with a distinctive way of speaking and a walk that is slightly awkward.
Pharmacists laud planned national drug distribution guidelines’ take-off
Pharmacists under the aegis of the Pharmaceutical Society of Nigeria (PSN) have commended the Federal Ministry of Health for the laudable initiative of facilitating the National Drug Distribution Guidelines in collaboration with other stakeholders even as they expressed worry over intense politicking, which has affected the take off date.
Folic acid reduces stroke risk in hypertensives
Stroke is the leading cause of death in China and second leading cause of death in the world. Primary prevention (prevention prior to a first episode) is particularly important because about 77 percent of strokes are first events. Uncertainty remains regarding the efficacy of folic acid therapy for primary prevention of stroke because of limited and inconsistent data, according to background information in the article.
Red alert over DNA mutation, editing of human embryos
Geneticist Xingxu Huang of ShanghaiTech University in China, for example, is currently seeking permission from his institution’s ethics committee to try genetically modifying discarded human embryos. In February 2014, he reported2 using a gene-editing technique to modify embryos that developed into live monkeys. Human embryos would not be allowed to develop to full term in his experiments, but the technique “gives lots of potential for its application in humans,”