The Guardian
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‘News literacy, fact-checking critical to curbing fake news’


Experts have advocated news literacy as a tool to stem the increase of misinformation in the social media age.

Calling on individuals to check facts, they noted that “mis-information is as old as man and has increased since the advent of technology (social media).”

They spoke yesterday at a session tagged ‘Gate-keeping in the Era of Fake News: The Impact of Social Media During Election’ hosted by Guardian Newspapers Limited (GNL) at the first day of the Social Media Week, in Lagos.

The experts in the technology, media and entertainment industries identified insufficient open data and poor knowledge of news as major reasons for spread of false news.

According to them, there is need for individuals to cross-check any information they receive before publishing it.

Facebook and Google urged users to access tools freely on their platforms to debunk false news and misinformation.

Head of Investigation, Premium Times, Nicholas Ibekwe, noted that fact-checking is cumbersome but useful in stemming the spread of fake news.

He urged social media users to “check if it (information) is published by a credible newspaper” before posting and sharing with other users.

“Many people still don’t understand the difference between news and opinion. We need to sensitise youths on this issu,e so that they can fact-check for themselves and others. Fact checking is also difficult because we don’t have a public data to work with,” he added.

Communications and Public Affairs Manager, West Africa, Google, Taiwo Kola-Ogunlade, stated that every post on social media has a purpose, but more responsibility is for the user to “understand the reason – be it political, monetary or momentary need to be viral.”

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