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Trespass: Court orders NAF to pay N5m general damages


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A High Court in Kaduna on Wednesday ordered the Nigerian Air Force (NAF) to pay N5 million to Igabi community in Kaduna State, as general damages for trespassing into the community land.

The plaintiffs, a 70-year-old Alhaji Yusuf Madugu Umaru and four other members of Igabi community,x had instituted the suit on Oct. 28, 2014, asking the court to restrain the NAF and three others, being the defendants, from further trespassing into their property.

The community leaders in their submission said they inherited the land from the great grandparents who had settled on the land more than 150 years ago.


After several hearings and adjournments, Justice Isah Aliyu, in his judgment, which lasted several hours on Wednesday, held that the plaintiffs had provided documentary evidence and several witnesses to prove ownership of the land.

He said there were pieces of evidence that claimants’ great grandparents who migrated from Zamfara, Katsina, Zaria and other parts of the North settled in the area more than 150 years ago.

According to the Judge, the plaintiffs also provided evidence that they cultivated and grazed on the same land over that period unchallenged.
He said there were evidence before the court that the plaintiffs rented and allocated part of the land to some Gwari, Ikulu and Kataf people since the last 40 years and no one ever challenged them.


The judge noted that the complainants had presented a registered land survey with a complete demarcation and boundary of the 74.436 hectars of the land which indicated that they were the rightful owners of the land.

He said their title to the land could only be revoked by the State Government under Sections 28 and 29 of the Land Use Act.
Aliyu said defendants had failed to provide substantial evidence to prove their claims.

He noted that the defendants through their counsel did not also challenge the claimants’ evidence presented before the court.
He added that “there was no admissible evidence presented by the defendants to claim ownership of the land aside the MoU between the Ministry of Defence and the Nigerian Air Force.

“The Nigerian Air Force had claimed it was handed over the land in 1962 by the Government of Northern Nigeria, through the Ministry of Defence.”
Aliyu, however, noted that the said documents and claims were not admitted as exhibits before the court.


The judge, therefore, ordered the Nigerian Air Force to stop any kind of construction around the community land and awarded N5 million as general damages to the communities for trespassing into their land.

Meanwhile, counsel to the plaintiffs, Mustapha Abubakar, thanked the court for his fairness in giving his clients’ justice.

On his part, the defence counsel, Mr Sabo Samaila, commended the judge and requested for a copy of the judgment for further action.

The Community leader of Kauyen Liman, Malam Abdullahi Badaru, and Sarkin Barakallahu, Malam Muhammed Abdullahi, also expressed their happiness for winning the case.

They said the over 10,000 community members had lived in fear of harassment and molestation from the men of the Nigerian Air Force who had asked them to vacate the land while the litigation lasted.


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