‘What was she wearing?’
In a cosmopolitan city like Abuja, there are signages at major street corners rebuking women from dressing in a certain way and this is also common in many other states, in many tertiary institutions across Nigeria; school authorities have dress codes for undergraduates and postgraduate students, constantly policing and attaching fines/punishment for non-conformist. These dress codes are often times targeted at women.
The two most practiced religion in Nigeria (Christianity and Islam) promote modest dressing with some extremists preaching complete cladding (from head to toe). In all of these, the most targeted gender are women and girls; from infancy until death. Girls and women are trained to wear certain kinds of clothes, walk certain kinds of way, sit in a certain way, behave in a certain kind of way. One would think that with these overwhelming body policing of the female gender, they should live in peace devoid of bodily harm but yet they are the most victims of sexual and gender based violence.
In retrospect, one can see that the patriarchal society promotes and accepts rape in a subtle way and that is why the solution to curbing rape isn’t targeted at the root cause, but rather at the victim.
If our laws both secular and religious align that women exposing certain parts of their body is responsible for their being targeted by rapist, how come women in Buba (wrapper) are raped, how come babies in diapers are raped, how come girls and women in long flowing hijabs are also raped?
A recent report by Education As a Vaccine (EVA) titled “What was she Wearing”; a collection of stories from women and girls chronicles the stories of several women and girls who suffered rape wearing different kinds of clothing from hijab, long skirts, wrappers, diapers, trousers etc. Every one of them raped for just one singular reason; they are women and girls and not because of what they wore.
The continuous censoring of the female body and the kind of apparel they put on is clearly not the reason why the prevalence of rape is soaring daily in Nigeria, instead it is the trivializing of rape by men.
We have condoned the rape culture for too long using the machinery of victim blaming; we are quick to ask; what was she wearing, where was she when it happened and some other ridiculous questions that serve only one purpose “silence the victim” instead of naming and shaming the sexual offender.
Isn’t it worrisome; that thirty-six (36) years since Nigeria ratified the Convention on the Elimination of Forms of Discrimination Against Women and Girls (CEDAW 1985) 25 years since we signed up to the Beijing Declaration in 1995 and most recently the Violence Against Persons Prohibition Act (VAPP Act) of 2015, we are still battling to adequately tackle the menace of sexual perversion against our women and girls.
Since the passage of the VAPP Act in 2015; only 21 states have domesticated the Act, after painstaking lobbying, advocacy, campaigns and multi-level engagements. It is a shame that a country whose supreme law (the constitution) guarantees the right to dignity of the human person is hesitant to stamp out sexual and gender based violence and is waiting to be lobbied, begged and pushed to do the right by its people.
Rape should never be mentioned in the same sentence where women apparels are mentioned as a push factor for sexual abuse. Rape is enabled by the government at all levels else relevant laws not targeted at the victim would be enacted and implemented passionately to rid our society of these moronic behavior and make our communities, streets, schools, parks, walk-way, workplace etc. safe for women and girls.
Bassey is executive director, Hip City Innovation Centre.