Jesus came to redeem us from the consequences of the fall – Part 4
Biblical words for salvation Cont’
(3) Justification is grounded in the finished work of Christ; it is “through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus” (Rom 3:24). No one has justified apart from the redemption of Christ.
(4) Being justified before God comes “by his grace” and is appropriated “by the faith of Jesus Christ” as Lord and Saviour (Rom 3:22-24; cf. 4:3-5).
(5) Being justified by God is related to the forgiveness of our sins (Rom 4:7). Sinners are declared guilty by the law and condemned to eternal death (cf. Rom 3:9-18, 23; 6:23a), but in Christ by faith we are forgiven because of His atoning death and resurrection (see Rom 3:25; 4:5; 4:25; 5:6-11) and given eternal life (cf. Rom 6:23; 8:1-3).
What has Christ done for sin?
God provides Forgiveness, Regeneration, and Sanctification
What is a sin?
“What shall we say then? Shall we continue in sin that grace may abound?” (Rom 6:1)
Sin. (1) The NT uses several Greek words to describe sin in its various aspects. The most important are: (a) Hamartia, which means “transgression,” “wrongdoing” or “sin against God” (John 9:41). (b) Adikia, which stands for “wrong-doing,” “wickedness” or “injustice” (1:18; 1 John 5:17). It can be described as a lack of love, since all wrongdoing stems from a failure to love (Mat 22:37-40; Luke 10:27-37). Adikiais also a personal power that can enslave and deceive (5:12; Heb 3:13).
(c) Anomia, which denotes “wickedness,” “lawlessness” and “defiance of the law of God” (v. 19; 1 John 3:4). (d) Apistia, which indicates “unbelief” or “unfaithfulness” (3:3; Heb 3:12).
(2) From these definitions we can conclude that the essence of sin is selfishness, i.e., a grasping of things or pleasures for ourselves, regardless of the welfare of others and the commands of God, which leads to cruelty to others and rebellion against God and His law.
Ultimately sin becomes the refusal to be subject to God and His Word (1:18-25; 8:7). It is enmity against God (5:10; 8:7; Col 1:21) and disobedience to Him (11:32; Eph 2:2; 5:6).
(3) Sin is also a moral corruption in humans that opposes all better human intentions. It causes us both to commit unrighteousness with delight and to take pleasure in the evil actions of others (1:21-32; cf. Gen 6:5). It is likewise a power that enslaves and corrupts (3:9; 6:12ff; 7:14; Gal. 3:22). Sin is rooted in human desire (Jas 1:14; 4:1-2; see 1 Pet 2:11).
(4) Sin was brought into the human race through Adam (5:12), affects everyone (5:12), results in divine judgment (1:18), brings physical and spiritual death (v. 23; Gen 2:17), and can be nullified as a power only by faith in Christ and His redemptive work (5:8-11; Gal 3:13; Eph 4:20-24; 1 John 1:9; Rev 1:5
Sin: An Overview
SIN Actions by which humans rebel against God, miss His purpose for their life, and surrender to the power of evil rather than to God.
Sin as Rebellion: One of the central affirmations throughout the Bible is humanity’s estrangement from God. The cause for this estrangement is sin, the root cause of all the problems of humanity. The Bible, however, gives no formal definition of sin. It describes sin as an attitude that personifies sin as rebellion against God. Rebellion was at the root of the problem for Adam and Eve (Gen. 3) and has been at the root of humanity’s plight ever since. Sin is universal—we all sin. The Bible does not give a complete account of the origin of sin. God is in no way responsible for sin.
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