Ukraine rivals to exchange prisoners in controversial swap
Ukrainian authorities and Russia-backed separatists in the war-torn east of the country prepared to swap dozens of prisoners on Sunday in a frontline operation that has stirred controversy.
As part of the swap, Kiev is expected to hand over to separatists several riot policemen suspected of killing protesters during a pro-Western uprising in 2014, in a move that sparked public anger.
The two sides were seen preparing to exchange prisoners, with vehicles arriving at the possible place of exchange near the village of Odradivka, some 10 kilometres (6 miles) from the self-proclaimed Donetsk People’s Republic, an AFP correspondent reported from the scene.
The location was guarded by a dozen uniformed men with machine guns.
The latest exchange comes after Russian President Vladimir Putin and Ukrainian leader Volodymyr Zelensky held their first face-to-face talks in Paris on December 9 and agreed some measures to de-escalate Europe’s only active war.
The summit, mediated by the leaders of France and Germany, was the first of its kind in three years.
“There should be an exchange,” Zelensky told reporters on Saturday, confirming the move but without giving precise details.
A representative of the separatist stronghold of Donetsk, Daria Morozova, said Donetsk and another separatist statelet of Lugansk would get 87 prisoners, while 55 people would be handed over to Kiev.
The swap would come three months after Ukraine carried out a long-awaited exchange with Russia of 35 prisoners each. As part of that exchange, Russia released filmmaker Oleg Sentsov and 24 Ukrainian sailors.
Ties between Ukraine and Russia were shredded after the bloody 2014 uprising ousted a Kremlin-backed regime.
Moscow went on to annex Crimea and support insurgents in eastern Ukraine, who launched a bid for independence in 2014. Since then more than 13,000 people have been killed in the conflict.
Anger in Kiev
The potential release of the riot police has raised concerns in Ukraine, with many fearing the country is being pushed to pay too high a price for the swap.
They are suspected to have been involved in the bloody crackdown on protesters in 2014. Some 100 demonstrators were shot dead during the uprising.
In a statement on the eve of the swap, Ukraine’s prosecutor-general’s office said that the trial of the five suspects would continue, warning the defendants would still have to appear in court.
Three former riot policemen had earlier been released from custody while another two had been freed from house arrest.
Ahead of the swap, about 200 people protesting the release of the riot policemen gathered near the detention centre in the capital Kiev where the three suspects were held.
“This country has no future,” Volodymyr Golodnyuk, the father of a 19-year protester who was killed in the uprising, said on Facebook.
In an open letter to Zelensky this week, the victims’ families warned the release of the suspects could lead to a “wave of protests”.
“We would like to inform you that these people are neither participants nor victims of the conflict in eastern Ukraine,” they said.
Since coming to power in May, comedian-turned-president Zelensky, 41, has sought to revive a peace process to end the conflict.
At the Paris summit, the leaders have sought to revive accords signed in Minsk in 2015 that call for the withdrawal of heavy weapons, the restoration of Kiev’s control over its borders, wider autonomy for Donetsk and Lugansk, and the holding of local elections.
The Kremlin has sent signals that it is ready to work with Zelensky, who Putin has described as “likeable”.
But there was no sign of warmth between the Ukrainian and Russian leaders in Paris and many doubt whether Putin genuinely wants to settle the conflict.
Putin said this month that if Kiev gets back control of the border in the east residents of separatist-held territories could be targeted.
“Well, I can imagine what will begin. There will be Srebrenica there, that’s all,” Putin said, referring to the 1995 massacre during the Bosnian war.
Zelensky’s peace plan has been strongly criticised by war veterans and nationalists in recent months.