Addressing leadership challenges will solve all Nigeria’s problem- Adebayo
Adewole Adebayo is the presidential flag bearer of Social Democratic Party, (SDP) for the 2023 general elections. In this chat with KINGSLEY JEREMIAH, Adebayo discuses amidst other issues his strategies to win the 2023 presidential election and the solutions to Nigeria’s problems.
What gives you hope that you are going to win 2023 election?
First, we have problems that are human problems. There are no natural problems. There are some countries that their problems are natural, not human causes. I lived in California for many years. In Nigeria, we don’t have natural problems. Now, in economics, the whole idea of economics with all the books written on economics is based on the principle of scarcity. That is an environment of scarce resources. You have to make economic choices in Nigeria. No scarcity. Every developmental resource that we need is in abundance. There is no scarcity of human beings. There are some countries that want to develop, they have to import labour. We don’t have to. They have to import food. We don’t have to. They have to import water. We don’t have to. The whole of the geopolitics of Europe is that they have to import gas. That’s why everybody’s looking towards Russia and Ukraine. We don’t have any of this. So, it goes down to one thing that we have a leadership problem. Now, if you address that leadership problem, then, you have solved all our problems. Now, what do you do about leadership? To change the leadership, you have to expand the leadership pool. You can’t have 30 people who for 60 years have to choose themselves to become the leader of the country and when you have done and people have forgotten your errors, they wait for some years and bring you back again. So, we said, no, what you can do if you want to change the country and you know that leadership is the problem, then you need to put more people into the leadership pool. How do you put them in the leadership pool? You put them into politics. You test them out and their understanding of the issues in the country? And they can start to providing solutions to them. Look at their lives if they live up to 40 years. You look at where they worked, were they good workers? When they went into business, were they ethical? When they went into public service, were they efficient and patriotic? Then you test them on whether they understand the issues at stake today. If you put all that together, then you can now choose them as a leader because you have nothing to lose. You have been choosing from the same pool. There’s no head of state that can honestly say I have not sent something by way of advice, but it’s not that they don’t know what is right. The issue is that what is right has a price. That price requires selflessness, not the traditional way we presently operates where when I am in power, I share the resources of the country among my friends, the old boys network. I cover their errors and I reserve position for your children and you reserve for my children. If they are competent or not, we don’t care. we can put the person in charge of critical infrastructure, and you can break it down. And if you are caught with N80b and your uncle can call me and say, Okay, look at that small boy. Okay, well, don’t worry. Let them make noise for three months afterward we will help him out. So all those things are the reason why we are not progressing. It’s not that our problems defy human nature. If you go to government offices, as I do many occasions, you will see that the person elected as a governor or president may spend the substantial hour of the day not even doing the people’s business, he may be with his party chairman, discussing party issues. So they don’t have time to work. You may see a minister that spends half of his time on things that don’t have to do with his ministry. So it is not that our problems are so complicated that we are always in the church and in the mosque, round the clock, praying for divine intervention. You don’t need divine intervention to clean your room if you have a broom. But if you don’t want to do it, you can’t be looking for divine intervention. Problem, however small, needs somebody who wants to solve them. It is the person who doesn’t want to solve them, or who, in addition to that, wants to use this problem to make money. So you have insecurity, for example, I can send two battalions , few guys enough to go and knock them out. I can turn it to N1 trillion budget and make my friends rich and become rich myself. When I turn it to N1 trillion budget, I get use to it. Then I said no, let me turn it to a N7 trillion budget, It goes on like that. But it is a problem I can easily solve. Yesterday, my campaign managers were going to Zamfara State and they called me to say ‘we are in panic’. So what happened ? They said bandits stop then on the way. Then a few hours later, they called back and said, well, we can go now. I said what happened, did you see the army? He said no they called local hunters and local hunters chased the bandits away. So, I said, there are bandits in this country that local hunters can chase away but the army cannot chase away? So that’s one example that can be adopted but it doesn’t make it scientific, but if you do research, you will find out that every problem from security to poverty to collapse infrastructure are places where people make their money. There are people in this country who haven’t done any decent job in 40 years. There is an estate, out of our Commonwealth which is created for them. So they are in charge of the ports, they sit down and collect rents. So we don’t improve on the ports. We don’t build new ports.
As a lawyer and a business man, do you see the need for some experience in governance before joining politics?
Let me confess in public that I do not have any experience in bad governance. So I have not been part of those who have been misgoverning the country. So, that lack of experience in doing bad things, I admit, I don’t have. However, when you want to take a decision in the public sector, the only difference is that the money doesn’t belong to you. It belongs to the people. Everything you do in managerial field both private sector or public sector, they are the same. If I am managing this station, as a private station, it is the same principle as that of a public station, the only difference is that profit interest or motive is downplayed but if I need to provide electricity, I need to provide it. It doesn’t matter if I am in government or outside. Leadership in public service is not about forming an alliance where, for example, we have this GSM principle Governor. Senator. Minister. So if you are a failed minister, you are in charge of housing. People don’t have housing. You cannot come to say, I was a minister. I have experience. No, you can only say you had an opportunity to serve and you failed. If you are a governor, and you spent eight years, and bankrupted the state, you cannot say you have experience in managing a state. No, you will say, I was given an opportunity to manage state, I mismanaged it. You can only be good at it if you have been good at it. If I you have to give him more opportunity than me, does it mean that you are better than my experience? I have represented and advised government. I have consulted for government, Nigeria and overseas. Let me say what can happen to you if you have no government experience, you come to an environment, you do not know how decisions are made. You do not know the facts on ground. That is what may likely happen to you. That’s not my case. If you ask me when it comes to every critical aspect in terms of security, it will surprise you to know that I know more about the strength of the military and the challenges they face than the CIC who is in charge of them but who doesn’t listen to them. You can see in this country that people outside defense and security intelligence know more about it than the people inside government. When some incumbent who, when they came in 2015, in spite of having been government all their lives, came back to tell us, oh, we are shocked. We didn’t know government was this bad. But we were out there advising them that this is what it is. So there isn’t anything in government that is not about you. First, mastering the issues, having the facts and surround yourself with competent people. This kind of people are available. The only problem is that they don’t have money to give the delegates.
What is your take on rule of law in this country, given that you are a lawyer.
A.with due respect.There is no rule of law yet in this country. There is only the rule of persons. Let me give you the benchmark. When there is rule of law, change of government will not affect it because rule of law is where the law is no longer in the hands of the government to enforce. There would be rule of law if I am in council, as president, if a police constable sends a note to me in counsel through the security that they want to arrest the attorney general because he has just used his car to knock somebody on the way to council meeting. Thats when you have rule of law. That is to say, the institution of the state, like the police and all of that are free from government interference. And that when I am in government, I fear the police as much as the man who is selling oranges on the street. So that’s when you have rule of law. So we will get there. That is the journey we need to get to but we need to define it well. So when they say, for example, a certain president is helping the rule of law, you don’t have rule of law, because rule of law is not the party manifesto.